Hebrew texts are read from right to left (reverse to English texts).
Hebrew alphabet consists of 22 letters, five of which use different forms at the end of a word.
Here is the list of the Hebrew letters. For the letters which have a different form at the end of a word, that form (so called “sophit”) is shown to the left of the main form of the letter.
|Name of the letter||Letter|
There are no distinction of lower case and upper case letters.
Letters ה and י are often added to words or omitted in words, dependently on the manner of a scribe.
Most words have a three-letter root. But some words have roots of a different number of letters.
We will denote words having a letter X at the place N (N=1, 2, or 3) in the root as N-X.