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Grammar:Tutorial/Pronoun suffixes

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Grammar:Tutorial
Conjunction of nouns Pronoun suffixes Imperative

Nouns with pronoun suffixes

To a noun can be added a suffix meaning “whose” this noun is (as in the English phrase “my horse”). The suffixes are below:

person gender singular plural
1st masculine י (my ~) נו (our ~)
feminine
2nd masculine ך (your ~) כם (your ~)
feminine כן (your ~)
3rd masculine ו/הו (his ~) ם (their ~)
feminine ה (her ~) ן (their ~)

Note: הו is used in Gen. 11:3 for a masculine noun.

Note: הן suffix in Gen. 4:4. So the suffix may be preceded by ה.

In feminine nouns ending with ה that ה is replaced with ת before pronoun suffixes.

Now read about pronoun suffixes with plural nouns:

For the plural nouns ending with ים that ים is replaced with the following suffixes:

person gender singular plural
1st masculine י (my ~) ינו (our ~)
feminine
2nd masculine יך (your ~) יכם (your ~)
feminine יכן (your ~)
3rd masculine יו (his ~) יהם (their ~)
feminine יה (her ~) יהן (their ~)

For the plural nouns ending with ות, after that ות are added the following suffixes (the same suffixes as in the previous table):

person gender singular plural
1st masculine י (my ~) ינו (our ~)
feminine
2nd masculine יך (your ~) יכם (your ~)
feminine יכן (your ~)
3rd masculine יו (his ~) יהם (their ~)
feminine יה (her ~) יהן (their ~)

A noun with a pronoun suffix is considered definite (but an article should be not put before it).

Verbs with object pronoun suffixes

These suffixes denote an object of an action:

person gender singular plural
1st masculine ני נו
feminine
2nd masculine ך כם
feminine כן
3rd masculine הו ם
feminine ה ן

In 3rd person, singular, feminine of perfect the suffix ה is replaced with ת before pronoun suffixes.

In 2nd person, plural, masculine of perfect the suffix תם is replaced with תו before pronoun suffixes.

In 3-weak verbs the last ה of the root is omitted before pronoun suffixes.

Infinitive can have both object pronoun suffixes and subject pronoun suffixes.

Note the suffix הו appearing after a noun (not verb) in Gen. 1:12.