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Adjective Participles Preposition of direct object את

Active participle

Active participle is just the 3-letter root with added suffix denoting the number and person:

singular plural
masculine (none) ים
feminine ת ות

Sometimes in singular feminine it has the suffix ה instead of ת.

Participles are used like adjectives but may have an direct or indirect object like a verb.

Note that participles have no tense and may denote an action in past, present, or future.

Passive participle

Passive participle is the three-letter root with a letter ו added between the 2nd and the 3rd letter.

A passive participle most often denotes an accomplished action (but it maybe any of past, present, or future).