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Grammar:Tutorial/Definite article

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Grammatical number Definite article Prepositions

The definite article ה added as a prefix to a noun is similar in sense to the English definite article “the”.

The most important functions of the definite article are individualization and generalization.

a) denoted a unique thing. Example: השמש (the Sun);
b) a thing was already mentioned before;
c) it is clear what is meant from the situation or the context.
The article is inserted before a noun denoting a whole class of things. Example: האדם (“a man” meaning the mankind).